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Research Interest Group
(Name of Group & Brief Description)

Universiti Malaya Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Research Group (UM-SCIRRG)

Researchers at UM-SCIRRG conduct research to  promote wellness in persons with spinal cord injury. Our research help us to improve our understanding of the factors that impact outcomes following SCI and develop better treatments and resources for improving care and quality of life following injury.

Our research is cross-disciplinary and links in areas such as Rehabilitation Medicine, Physiology, Bioengineering, Law, Sport and Exercise Sciences and Creative Arts.

Current Convenors / Head Name: Julia Patrick Engkasan
Department: Rehabilitation Medicine
Expertise/research interest: Spinal cord injury rehabilitation, Secondary health problems in persons with spinal cord injury, evidence-based medicine, Medical Humanities, Research Ethics
Link to UMExpert: https://umexpert.um.edu.my/juliape 
RIG Members
1. Name: Nazirah Hasnan 
Department: Rehabilitation Medicine 
Expertise/research interest: Physical activity & exercise for persons with SCI, Secondary conditions in spinal cord injury, Rehabilitation technology
Link to UMExpert: https://umexpert.um.edu.my/nazirah
2. Name: Nur Azah Hamzaid
Department: Biomedical Engineering, faculty of Engineering
Expertise/research interest: Rehabilitation Engineering, Computer Play Therapy, Functional Electrical Stimulation, Biomechatronics
Link to UMExpert: https://umexpert.um.edu.my/azah-hamzaid
3. Name: Selina Khoo
Department: Faculty of Sports and Exercise Science 
Expertise/research interest: PWD and sports, sports sociology, Physical activity
Link to UMExpert: https://umexpert.um.edu.my/selina
4. Name: Nurhidayah Abdullah
Department: Faculty of Law
Expertise/research interest: Commercial law, People with disability (Policy)
Link to UMExpert: https://umexpert.um.edu.my/abd_hidayah
5. Name: Ruby Hussain 
Department: Department of Physiology
Expertise/research interest: Exercise Physiology, Physical fitness, physiology of fasting
Link to UMExpert: https://umexpert.um.edu.my/ruby 

Group Strength
  1. Established national network
  2. Established international network
  3. Established community associates 
  4. Cross disciplines and faculties members  


  1. Universiti MARA Malaysia (UiTM)
  2. MoH hospitals 
  3. Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  4. Malaysian Spinal cord Injury Advocacy association (MASAA)
  5. Universiti Putra Malaysia 


  1. Swiss Paraplegic  Research, Switzerland 
  2. University of Sydney, Australia 
  3. Medical University  of Vienna, Austria
  4. Chiangmai University, Thailand 
Activities / Projects
(Completed/ ongoing/ prospective projects)


  1. International Spinal Cord Injury (InSCI) Survey 2019
  2. Tetrapillow – a call system for persons with teraplegia
  3. wheelchair sitting pressure for pressure ulser prevention training system for spinal cord injury patient,
  4. Powering up paralyzed muscles using Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES): An advance in Rehabilitation Engineering
  5. Peer Support Group for people with spinal cord injury
  6. Psychosocial adjustment of person with spinal cord injury in malaysia and its associated factors


  1. Singing therapy in spinal cord injury patients: monitoring the singing muscle function,
  2. Rexowalk: a new approach to sensory-embedded robotic walking after spinal cord injury,
  3. Muscle fatigue and oxygenation during electrical stimulation-evoked exercise in spinal cord injured individuals: mechanomyography and near infrared spectroscopy characteristics


  1. International SCI survey (to start in 2023)
  2. Arts Interventions for wellbeing of persons with SCI
  3. Adaptive Diving 
Calls for

Expertise/ collaboration: 

  1. Basic scientist 
  2. Surgeon (Spine ortho and neurosurgery)
  3. Radio imaging 
  4. Arts and Humanities 
  5. Public Health 
Contact Us

Assoc. Prof Dr. Julia Patrick Engkasan 
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine 

Last Update: 25/02/2023