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Rehabilitation Medicine Department

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The Department of Rehabilitation Medicine was formed as part of the overall development of Faculty of Medicine and University of Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur for the purpose of providing clinical services in rehabilitation medicine and to provide training in the various fields of rehabilitation medicine.

Apart from providing a comprehensive rehabilitation medicine service involving
Rehabilitation Physicians, Medical Trainees in Rehabilitation Medicine, Physiotherapists, Occupational Therapists, Nurses and Medical Social Workers, the department is actively involved in the education of Undergraduate and Postgraduate Medical Trainees, Undergraduate Nursing Students, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy Students from the Ministry of Health, MARA University of Technology as well as private academic institutions.

Continuing Professional Development of our multidisciplinary team members is a regular activity of the department. Updates in Medical Rehabilitation are organised regularly for our staff as well as relevant parties from outside the UMMC. All categories of staff have ample opportunity to participate in their respective professional development through conferences as well as courses locally and internationally.


Associate Prof. Dr. Julia Anak Patrick Engkasan

Head of Department

Academic Programme

Master of Rehabilitation Medicine Degree

Type of Programme :

The Master of Rehabilitation Medicine programme is a clinical coursework programme in which the research component comprises less than thirty (30) percent of the whole programme of study.

Entry Requirements :

1. Entry Qualifications

(a) The degrees of Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery of the University or an equivalent medical qualification approved by the Senate;
(b) At least two years of post-registration clinical experience approved by the Senate of which at least one year is spent in in-patient care.

2. Other requirements

(a) Qualifies for registration as a medical practitioner under the Medical Act 1971 (Act 50) of Malaysia;
(b) Satisfies the Department responsible for the candidate’s programme of study in an Entrance Evaluation recognised by the Faculty.

Duration of Study :

  1. The minimum duration of study shall be four years.
  2. The maximum duration of study shall be seven years.

Structure of Programme of Study :

The programme of study comprises two stages as follows:

1. Stage I in the first year of study covering:

(a) Basic Sciences of Rehabilitation Medicine.

(b) Principles and Practice of Internal Medicine and General Surgery.

(c) Introduction to Principles, Concepts and Practice of Rehabilitation Medicine.

(d) Rotational postings in disciplines related to Rehabilitation Medicine.

(e) The keeping of a log book by the candidate to document tasks undertaken .

(f) Assignments .

(g) Continuous assessments as prescribed by the Department .

2. Stage II in the second, third and fourth year of study comprising:

(a) Rotational postings in specialised Rehabilitation Medicine disciplines and disciplines related to Rehabilitation Medicine of which six months can be in a rehabilitation facility outside the University recognised by the Faculty.

(b) Research report.

(c) Assignments.

(d) The keeping of a log book by the candidate to document tasks undertaken.

(e) Continuous assessments as prescribed by the Department.

Place of Study :

The Faculty may on the recommendation of the Department responsible for the candidate’s programme of study permit a candidate to undertake part of his training programme in another institution, centre or place recognised by the Faculty and approved by the Senate .

More information about Postgraduate Programme click here


Research & Development

The staff members are involved in numerous research projects in various fields of rehabilitation medicine and its related fields.

The department also has been involved in international research collaborations namely with University of Melbourne and University of Indianapolis.

In 2001, the department was appointed as the official Collaboration Centre of the WHO ICF (International Classification of Functioning) Research Branch in Malaysia and is still actively involved in ongoing international multicentre research projects..

In 2006, the department started a 6 monthly research dialogue for the purpose of assisting the department’s master students in their research projects to ensure quality research output. This is done in collaboration with the Department of Social and Preventive Medicine and Health Research and Development Unit (HERDU)

The department currently has 20 trainees in rehabilitation medicine who go through a 4 year clinical master programme which also incorporates a research component.

Department Research Interests

Please contact individual researchers listed below for more information:-



Contact E-mail

Research Interest


Dr. Nazirah Hasnan


  • Spinal Cord Injury
  • Wound Management
  • Diabetic Foot Management
  • Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
  • ICF
  • Disability assessment


Dr. Saini Jeffery Freddy Abdullah


  • Spasticity
  • Peripheral Neuropathy
  • Diabetic Foot


Dr. Rameezan Begam Abd. Rahim


  • Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Vestibular Rehabilitation
  • International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)
  • Spasticity
  • Quality of life issues


Dr. Lydia Abdul Latif


  • International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)
  • Amputee and Prosthetic Innovation
  • Frontiers in Neuro and Cardiac Rehabilitation


Dr. Julia Patrick Engkasan


  • Spinal Cord Injury
  • Paediatric Rehabilitation
  • Prosthetic & Orthotic


Puan Loh Siew Yiem


  • Self Management of Chronic Diseases
  • Occupational Stress
  • Disability, Functioning and Society
  • Learning Approaches

List of Research Projects


Principal Investigator

Title of Project


Dr. Nazirah Hasnan

1. National Health and Morbidity Survey III (NHMS III): Physical Disability Group, Co-Investigator

2. ICF Core Sets Validation Study, Co-Investigator

3. Bowel Transit Time Using Galium Citrate 67 in Spinal Cord Injured Patients and Healthy Individuals, Co-Investigator

4. Factors Influencing Sports and Exercise in Spinal Cord Injury, Co-Investigator

5. Standing The Paralyzed Spinal Cord Injured Patients By Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES): A Safety and Efficacy Pilot Study, Principal Investigator(PI)

6. Prevalence and Correlates of Self-reported Depression in Patients with Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury, Co-Investigator

7. Pain in Spinal Cord Injury, Co-Investigator

8. Travel Motivations, Preferences and Difficulties Among the Disabled Community in Malaysia, Co-Investigator,


Dr. Saini Jeffery Freddy Abdullah

1. Randomized Control Study on The Clinical Efficacy of Honey Dressing for Diabetic Foot Ulcers

2. Evaluation of Upper Limb Function Using A Biofeedback Technique with The Mentamove Intrsument In Chronic Post-Stroke Patients

3. Effectiveness of Different Splinting Regimes for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Principal Investigator(PI), 2007-present

4. Botulinum toxin A in early stroke spasticity

5. Efficacious Dose Of Botulinum Toxin-A For Treatment Of Sialorrhoea In Asian Adults With Neurological Disorders, Principal Investigator(PI)

6. Post stroke shoulder pain reduction with Botulinum Toxin A, Co-Investigator, 2007-2008


Dr. Rameezan Begam Abdul Rahim

1. Functional Status of acute Stroke Patients in University Malaya Medical Centre, Principal Investigator(PI)

2. The use of Constraint Induced Therapy in Stroke patients: UMMC experience, Co-Investigator

3. Interdiscplinary Research on Impaired ,Mobility Disability and rehabilitation in Selangor, Malaysia, Co-Investigator,

4. Research into Social inclusion, locomor impairment and Empowerment through Networking, Collaboration and Education ( RESILIENCE), Co-Investigator

5. Perception of Fatigue and impact on QOL amongst patients undergoing chemotherapy, Co-Investigator

6. Evaluation of Disability and Functioning amongst Patients With Depression Using International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Sets, Principal Investigator(PI),

7. Assessing the effect of an exercise therapy for women with low back pain using EMG method, Co-Investigator

8. Assessment of the impact of moderate exercise therapy (salat) on the human musculature, Co-Investigator

9. Evaluation of the effect of ankle foot orthosis on the gait of persons with brain disorders using gait analysis method, Co-Investigator,

10. Gait Characterictics And Functional Outcome of Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis

11. Development of ICF Core Sets For Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)-Identification Of The Most Common Problems In Functioning of Individuals With TBI, Co-Investigator

12. Traumatic Brain Injury Database for UMMC by Neurosurgical Research team, Technical Advisor,


Dr. Lydia Abdul Latif

1. Comparison of Stroke Rehabilitation, Outcome and Services Between Rehabilitation Unit in Australia and Acute Medical Ward in Malaysia, Co-Investigator

2. Impact of disability and function using ICF Core Sets for breast cancer survivors in UMMC (Multicenter Validation study collaboration work with University of Munich and World Health Organisaton), Principal Investigator(PI), 2006-2008, WHO and China Medical Board

3. The development of a low cost pylon material using bamboo for transtibial prosthesis, Co-Investigator, 2006-2008, MOSTI

4. Trends of limb amputatin and spinal cord injury in UMMC, Principal Investigator(PI)

5. Clinical trial for the study of hydrocast socket use in transtibial amputees, Principal Investigator(PI)


Dr. Loh Siew Yim

1. Need Assessment Focus Group Method

2. Development of the Complex Intervention Program, Manual Workbook Development, Pilot study

3. A Clinical Controlled Trial on Patient self management intervention program, Principal Investigator(PI)

4. Follow-up of SAMA Programme


Dr. Julia Patrick Engkasan

1. Post stroke shoulder pain reduction with Botulinum Toxin A, Principal Investigator(PI)

2. Developing a cost-effective video technology for automating stroke rehabilitation: A feasibility study, Principal Investigator(PI)

Awards / Prizes Won


Name of Meeting/Date/Place

Name of Award

Name of Participant


International Spinal Cord Society and Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, 2005

Certificate of Achievement for the Best Medical Teaching Material

Dr. Nazirah Hasnan


Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine, 2007, (International)

Traveling Fellowship Programme for Foreign Physiatrists, Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine, 2007

Dr. Nazirah Hasnan


INVENTION: Development of new pylon materials in trans tibial prosthesis DATE: 18-20th May 2007, Min of Science

Gold medal

Dr. Lydia Abdul Latif


INVENTION:Novel Hand Grip Strength Analysis System DATE:16-18 August 2005 PATENT NO:PI 20055220, Biotechnology ASIA, 2005, (International)

Silver Medal

Dr. Lydia Abdul Latif


Lance Armstrong Foundation, UK, 2009

Travel Scholarship (Livestrong Global Cancer Summit)

Dr. Loh Siew Yim



INTERNATIONAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOLARSHIP (IPRIS, Australia), University of Curtin, Australia, 2008 & 2007, (University)

Dr. Loh Siew Yim


International PsychoOncology 2007, IPOS UK, 2007, (International)

TRAVEL AWARD, United Kingdom

Dr. Loh Siew Yim


UICC (Union International cancer Control) 2006, Union International for cancer control, USA, 2006, (International)

Scholar Scholarship, USA

Dr. Loh Siew Yim


University of Curtin Australia, 2006, (International)


Dr. Loh Siew Yim


 The 3rd KL Mental Health Conference 2002 & The 1st Asean Community Mental Health Network Meet, 2003, (University)



Clinical Services

Recurrent services provide in department :

  • General Services
  • Rehabilitation Medicine Consultation
  • Physiotherapy
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Wheelchair Management Service

Clinic Schedule :






Geriatric Rehabilitation


9:00 – 1:00 p.m.

Diabetic Foot Care & Wound Management Service


8:00 – 1:00 p.m.

In-patient Diabetic Foot Care & Wound Management Service


2:00 – 5:00 p.m.

Diabetic Foot Care Consultation
Wound Management Consultation


2:00 – 5:00 p.m.


Diabetic Foot Care & Wound Management Service


8:00 – 1:00 p.m.

In-patient Diabetic Foot Care & Wound Management Service


2:00 – 5:00 p.m.

Neuro Medical Rehabilitation


9.00 – 1.00 p.m.


Diabetic Foot Care & Wound Management Service


8:00 – 1:00 p.m.

Spinal Rehabilitation Clinic
Amputee Rehabilitation Clinic


2:00 – 5:00 p.m.


Diabetic Foot Care & Wound Management Service


8:00 – 1:00 p.m.

Wheelchair Seating Clinic (once a month : 4th week of the month)


2:00 – 5:00 p.m.

Spasticity Clinic


2.00 – 5.00 p.m.


Scoliosis Clinic


9:00 – 1:00 p.m.

Diabetic Foot Care & Wound Management Service


8:00 – 1:00 p.m.

In-patient Diabetic Foot Care & Wound Management Service


2:30 – 5:00 p.m.

Spasticity Clinic
Neuropathic Clinic (with Urology ; 1st week of the month)


2.00 – 5.00 p.m.

Specialized Services

List of specialized services in department :

Specialty Clinics – Rehabilitation Medicine Consultation
Neuro-surgical Rehabilitation

Neuro-medical Rehabilitation

Diabetic Footcare and Wound Management Consultation

Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation

Amputee Rehabilitation

Paediatric Neurodevelopmental Rehabilitation
Geriatric Rehabilitation
Sports Rehabilitation
Upper Limb and Hand Rehabilitation
Burns Rehabilitation
Diabetic Footcare and Wound Management

Orthotics and Prosthetics

Pre-Driving Assessment
Work Resettlement
Psychosocial Rehabilitation
Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation


Women’s Health
Cardiac Rehabilitation
Wheelchair Seating Clinic
Vestibular Rehabilitation

Department Activities

Support Group Activities :

Apart from providing the core rehabilitation services, the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine is also involved in co-ordinating various activities such as the following :

Stroke Support Group

Amputee Support Group

Active Spinal Rehabilitation Camp

Paediatric Support Group

Cerebral Palsy Network

Persatuan Douglas Bader Kuala Lumpur

Medical Rehabilitation Welfare Fund :

In view of the pressing need for financial assistance in purchasing aids and equipment as well as other general needs for the under-privileged patients, the Medical Rehabilitation Fund was established on 8 January 1999. For further information with regards to contribution in monies and kinds to the Medical Rehabilitation Fund, the Operations Chairperson (Mr. Soh Say Beng) can be contacted at 03-79492594.

Future Plan

Current and Future Developments

With the progress and expansion of the unit in both the academic and clinical fields, the Rehabilitation Sciences Unit put up a proposal in 2006 for the formation of the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, a clinical department which is involved in teaching, clinical service and research

With the formation of the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and the formalization of the merger of its academic (FOM) and clinical services (UMMC) it is hoped that the field of Rehabilitation Medicine and its multidisciplinary components is better understood and its image and function more prominent.

Apart from strengthening and optimizing current clinical services, the department also plans to introduce new services as well as collaborate with other departments in the areas of vestibular rehabilitation, pulmonary rehabilitation, chronic pain management, rheumatological rehabilitation, lymphoedema management service and others.

As rehabilitation medicine is a multidisciplinary discipline, the department has put in its long-term planning, academic programmes in the areas of Prosthetics and Orthotics (in collaboration with Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya), Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy and other related fields.

The department currently has 20 trainees in rehabilitation medicine who go through a 4 year clinical master programme which also incorporates a research component.

With the expansion of clinical services and the increasing number of trainees in the Master of Rehabilitation Medicine programme, the department is constantly reinforcing its faculty and other staff members. The department is also very fortunate to be identified for further development in the form of a one-stop comprehensive rehabilitation medicine complex in the 9th Malaysia Plan.

Last Updated: 29/01/2020