The Department of Pathology was formed in 1963, when the faculty of Medicine in the University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur was founded.The Department had been involved with the teaching of the undergraduate medical program (MBBS), and four year masters program (MPath). As part of our obligation in assisting other developing countries our department also conducts a 2+1 year program specifically tailored for countries such as Sudan
The Department of Pathology was formed in 1963, when the faculty of Medicine in the University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur was founded. Since its formation, the Department had been involved with the teaching of the undergraduate medical program (MBBS), starting from the second academic year with General Pathology, followed on by Applied (Systemic) Pathology. Clinical Chemistry, Clinical Hematology cum Transfusion Medicine and Forensic Pathology are introduced when the students enter their rotational clinical postings. A new integrated curriculum was introduced in 1999 in order to bring the curriculum more in-line with the modern concept and approach of self-directed learning.
In 1972, the Department, at the request of the University started an undergraduate pathology program for the newly formed Faculty of Dentistry. It involves the teaching of General Pathology and Applied Systemic Pathology courses in the undergraduate dental program (BDS).
In 1973, at the request of the Ministry of Health, the department started its 2 year post-graduate program (M.Path). Subsequently in 1991 the program was upgraded to a full four year masters. The current con-joint program consists of 2 parts. The Part I exam is taken at the end of 1 year of rotational postings in Anatomic Pathology (including autopsy pathology), Haematology (including Transfusion Medicine), Microbiology (including parasitology) and Chemical Pathology The part 2 is taken at the end of the 4th year is taken after sub-specialization in one of the 5 disciplines offered in UM – Anatomic Pathology, Haematology, Chemical Pathology, Microbiology and Forensic Medicine. In addition the candidate is required to submit a Research Report.
As part of our obligation in assisting other developing countries our department also conducts a 2+1 year program specifically tailored for countries such as Sudan. We run the Postgraduate Master of Medical Science in Clinical Pathology essentially for the training of Sudanese doctors to provide General Pathology services upon returning to their country.
The department runs the following undergraduate programme:
Number of student enrolled for undergraduate programme
|Programme||No of students enrolled (2011/2012)||No of students graduated (2010/2011)|
|MBBS Phase II||217||206|
|MBBS Phase IIIA||201||192|
|MBBS Phase IIIB||192||187|
The postgraduate programmes are:
1. Master of Pathology
2. Master of Medical Science in Clinical Pathology (MMSCP) Basic
3. Master of Medical Science in CLinical Pathology (MMSCP) Monospecaility
Number of student enrolled for postgraduate programme
|Programme||No of students enrolled (2011/2012)||No of students graduated (2010/2011)|
More information about Postgraduate Programme click here
|PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR||TITLE OF PROJECT|
|Prof. Dr. Cheah Phaik Leng||
|Prof. Datuk Dr. Looi Lai Meng||An investigation into the clinical utility of serum telomerase as a molecular detection marker for breast cancer|
|Prof. Dr. Wong Kum Thong||
1. Pathology of Infectious diseases
2. Pathology of muscle disease
|Associate Prof Dr. Veera Sekaran Nadarajan||
|Associate Prof Dr. Malathi A/P Thevarajah||Clinical Utility of Her-2/neu as a Tumor Marker for monitoring women with breast cancer in the Malaysian population|
|Associate Prof Dr.Pavai Sthaneshwar||Establishment of reference interval for newborn screening by Tandem mass spectrometry|
|Dr. Hemalatha Shanmugam||
The Department of Pathology, headed by Professor Dr. Cheah Phaik Leng comprises 3 divisions:
1. DIVISION OF ANATOMIC PATHOLOGY- coordinated by Professor Dr. Cheah Phaik Leng
2. DIVISION OF FORENSIC PATHOLOGY – coordinated by Associate Professor Dr. Nazarina Abdul Rahman
3. DIVISION OF LABORATORY MEDICINE – coordinated by Prof Dr Clement Kam Man Ho
DIVISION OF ANATOMIC PATHOLOGY
Division of Anatomical Pathology provides diagnostic services in Histopathology and Cytopathology to the University Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC).
The type of services offered by the histopathology laboratory includes diagnostic histopathology based on H&E and special histochemistry and immunohistochemistry. The histopathology laboratory also provides urgent diagnostic services through intraoperative frozen sections.
Clinical specialists of this laboratory also provide consultancy services to Ministry of Health Hospitals and private hospitals in the areas of renal, cardiac, muscle and nerve pathology.
Services provided by the cytopathology laboratory include gynaecological and non gynaecological smear tests as well as Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology. Pathologists carry out Fine Needle Aspiration for the in-patients in UMMC ward. Fine Needle Aspiration Clinics are conducted twice a week.
DIVISION OF FORENSIC PATHOLOGY
Forensic pathologists undertake forensic pathology services for the police and also conduct clinical autopsies to UMMC. They also serve as “expert witness” for court cases. This division is also responsible for the smooth running of UMMC mortuary.
Autopsy reviews are carried regularly with the Division of Anatomic Pathology once in two weeks.
DIVISION OF LABORATORY MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF PATHOLOGY, UMMC
The Division of Laboratory Medicine (LMD) is a clinical diagnostic laboratory of national and international repute, providing quality service of the highest order to its customers through relevant, effective and up to date laboratory diagnosis and consultancy.
The facility is located on the 4th and 6th floors, Menara Timur, UMMC while a satellite laboratory operates in the clinic area on the ground floor of the Primary Medical Care (RUKA) Building.
1) THE CORE LABORATORY SERVICES
This is a composite of several disciplines providing routine diagnostic service. These disciplines are grouped together on the basis of similar workflow in their operations and include:
· Routine Clinical Chemistry
· Fluids and Excretion
· Routine Haematology
2) SPECIAL LABORATORY SERVICES
Several areas function as specialized laboratories in view of the nature of work, which are performed, requiring specific staffing and methodologies. These include:
This laboratory handles chemical and immunological tests that require special techniques and include hormones and tumour markers.
Inborn Errors of Metabolism (IEM) laboratory
Investigation of Inherited Metabolic Disorders or Inborn Error of Metabolism including urine screening, amino acid and organic acid analyses, GAG Quantitation and GAG electrophoresis and sweat test.
This laboratory provides Immunology service including immunochemistry, protein electrophoresis, auto antibodies screen, monoclonal gamma globulin detection and quantitation of lymphocyte subsets.
Chemistry tests which are more complex and not provided on a 24-hour basis are conducted here. This includes therapeutic drug monitoring (in conjunction with Pharmacy Department), HbA1c and catecholamines.
This laboratory handles Haematology tests that are more esoteric and in-depth and include specific coagulation and haemoglobinopathy studies.
Bone Marrow Studies
These involve analysis of bone marrow samples including morphological and immunophenotyping studies.
Molecular and Genetic Analysis Laboratory
This laboratory provides cytogenetics and molecular diagnostics for various haematological and non-haematological disorders including histocompatibility and immunogenetics testing.
This laboratory provides the services in the area of clinical Toxicology.
3) POLYCLINIC LABORATORY SERVICE
The division also operates a satellite laboratory, named The Polyclinic Laboratory, located at the Rawatan Utama Building and serves all the outpatient areas. It carries out basic Routine Haematology and Fluids and Excretion examination including urinalysis and seminal assays.
1. Review of Autopsy Cases weekly
2. Clinicopathological Correlation Sessions with Radiology, Breast Surgery Team, Urology, Gastroenterology, Orthopaedics, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, General Surgery, Opthalmology, Otorhinolagryngology on weekly basis
3. Specialist Clinicopathological Correlation Sessions with Neurosurgery, Nephrology, Dermatology
4. Guest Lectures:
|14.04.2010||Approach to diagnosis of lymphomas|
|15.04.2010||Low grade indolent B-cell lymphomas|
|16.04.2010||High grade aggressive B-cell lymphomas|
|03.08.2010||Normal lymphoid tissue and immunoarchitecture|
|04.08.2010||Slide seminar – Lymphoma pathology|
|05.08.2010||1. Principles and applications of interphase FISH 2. Practical : Interphase FISH with enumeration and breakpart probes|
|06.08.2010||1. Algorithmic approach to NK and T cell neoplasms 2. Slide seminar: Diagnosis of mature NK and T cell neoplasms|
|11.01.2011||Slide seminar: B- cell Neoplasms|
|13.01.2011||Slide seminar: NK and T cell neoplasms|
|14.01.2011||Slide seminar: Hodgkin lymphoma and others|
|08.08.2011||Algorithmic approach to NK and T cell neoplasms|
|09.08.2011||Slide seminar: NK and T cell lymphomas|
|10.08.2011||1. Histopathology in the investigation of sudden deaths 2. Pathology of Low grade indolent B-cell lymphomas|
|11.08.2011||Slide seminar:Hodgkin Lymphoma|
|12.08.2011||Pathology of high grade b-cell neoplasms|
|02.12.2011||Normal immunoarchitecture and ontogeny, and Autopsy /slide seminar|
|05.12.2011||Approach to low grade b-cell neoplasms and Autopsy /slide seminar|
|06.12.2011||Approach to high grade b-cell neoplasms and Autopsy /slide seminar|
|07.12.2011||Approach to NK and T cell neoplasms|
|08.12.2011||Pathology of Hodgkins Lymphomas and Autopsy /slide seminar|
|09.12.2011||Autopsy /slide seminar|
5.Division of Forensic Pathology also facilitated and assisted the Departments of Surgery and Orthopaedic surgery in the conduct national and international workshops and courses during the year 2010.
1. 1st Korea-Asean Joint Laproscopy cadaver workshop in Malaysia on 18th June 2010
2. 1st laproscopic surgery cadaver hernia workshop in Malaysia on 28-30th June 2010
3. ACL Double bundler Reconstruction workshop on 12-13thAugust 2010
Dr Ong Beng Beng -Forensic Pathologist, Forensic and Scientific services Queensland Health visited the Department to give lecture on topic Sudden Cardiac Deaths (28.01.2011)
1. To increase the range of molecular diagnostic techniques to further enhance the diagnostic services.